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ISSN: 2471-2728

Journal of Fertilizers & Pesticides
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Research Article

Effect of Artemisia Annua L. (Asterales: Asteraceae) Essential Oil on Mortality, Development, Reproduction and Energy Reserves of Plodia Interpunctella (H u bner).(Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

Sheyvan Zamani, Jalal Jalali Sendi* and Mohammad Ghadamyari

Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Jalal Jalali Sendi
Department of Plant Protection
Faculty of Agriculture
University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Fax: +98 131 669028
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 11, 2010; Accepted date: June 15, 2011; Published date: July 05, 2011

Citation: Zamani S, Sendi JJ, Ghadamyari M (2011) Effect of Artemisia Annua L. (Asterales: Asteraceae) Essential Oil on Mortality, Development, Reproduction and Energy Reserves of Plodia Interpunctella (Hübner). (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). J Biofertil Biopestici 2:105. doi:10.4172/2155-6202.1000105

Copyright: © 2011 Zamani S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

 The study was conducted to determine the insecticidal and physiological activity of essential oil from Artemisia annua L. on Indial meal moth Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) in laboratory condition. The yellowish oil of wormwood Artemisia annua L. was diluted in acetone and different concentrations (15%, 11%, 8%, 5.5% and 4%) were assayed on 17 days old larvae. LC25, LC50 and LC75 were estimated 5.96%, 8.4% and 11.3% respectively after 24 h. The sub lethal doses showed that essential oil reduced adult emergence, longevity of male and female insects, fecundity and fertility of females. Evaluation of toxic vapors on adult insect was also considered and LC25, LC50 and LC75 were estimated to be 6.35%, 8.13% and 10.45%. There was no difference in mortality on either sex. The protein, carbohydrate and lipid contents of treated larvae were significantly reduced compared with the controls. 

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