Effect of Biochar on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat and Post-harvest Soil Properties in Tigray, Ethiopia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Gebremedhin GH
Tigray Agricultural Research Institute
Mekelle Agricultural Research Center
Tel: +251-09-10 215034
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 19, 2015; Accepted date: December 05, 2015; Published date: December 09, 2015
Citation: Gebremedhin GH, Haileselassie B, Berhe D, Belay T (2015) Effect of Biochar on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat and Post-harvest Soil Properties in Tigray, Ethiopia. J Fertil Pestic 6:158. doi:10.4172/2471-2728.1000158
Copyright: © 2015 Gebremedhin GH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Biochar is a solid material obtained from the carbonization of any biomass including weeds, crop residues and other wastes of plant origin. A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted on biochar, obtained from carbonization of Prosopis juliflora, to evaluate effects on wheat productivity and post-harvest soil properties. This experiment has used four different combinations of biochar and compost besides the chemical fertilizers. Biochar was significantly increased grain and straw yields of wheat by 15.7% and 16.5% respectively, over the NP application (control). Moreover, the root biomass was significantly increased by 20%. This shows that biochar retains nutrients and water to improve wheat productivity. Hence, the biochar produced from Prosopis juliflora could be used for wheat productivity improvement.