alexa Effect of Biochar on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat and Post-harvest Soil Properties in Tigray, Ethiopia

Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research
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Research Article

Effect of Biochar on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat and Post-harvest Soil Properties in Tigray, Ethiopia

Gebremedhin GH1*, Bereket Haileselassie2, Daniel Berhe2 and Tesfay Belay1

1Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Mekelle Agricultural Research Center, Mekelle, Ethiopia

2Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Mekelle Soil Research Center, Mekelle, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Gebremedhin GH
Tigray Agricultural Research Institute
Mekelle Agricultural Research Center
Mekelle, Ethiopia
Tel: +251-09-10 215034
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 19, 2015; Accepted date: December 05, 2015; Published date: December 09, 2015

Citation: Gebremedhin GH, Haileselassie B, Berhe D, Belay T (2015) Effect of Biochar on Yield and Yield Components of Wheat and Post-harvest Soil Properties in Tigray, Ethiopia. J Fertil Pestic 6:158. doi:10.4172/2471-2728.1000158

Copyright: © 2015 Gebremedhin GH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Biochar is a solid material obtained from the carbonization of any biomass including weeds, crop residues and other wastes of plant origin. A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted on biochar, obtained from carbonization of Prosopis juliflora, to evaluate effects on wheat productivity and post-harvest soil properties. This experiment has used four different combinations of biochar and compost besides the chemical fertilizers. Biochar was significantly increased grain and straw yields of wheat by 15.7% and 16.5% respectively, over the NP application (control). Moreover, the root biomass was significantly increased by 20%. This shows that biochar retains nutrients and water to improve wheat productivity. Hence, the biochar produced from Prosopis juliflora could be used for wheat productivity improvement.

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