Effect of Chelating Agents on Copper, Zinc, and Lead Uptake by Sunflower, Chinese Cabbage, Cattail, and Reed for Different Organic Contents of Soils
T. Y. Yeh* and C. T. Pan
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Kaohsiung, Taiwan
- *Corresponding Author:
- T. Y. Yeh
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
National University of Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung 811, Taiwan
Tel: 886- 7-591-9536
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 18, 2011; Accepted date: May 28, 2012; Published date: May 30, 2012
Citation: Yeh TY, Pan CT (2012) Effect of Chelating Agents on Copper, Zinc, and Lead Uptake by Sunflower, Chinese Cabbage, Cattail, and Reed for Different Organic Contents of Soils. J Environ Anal Toxicol 2:145. doi:10.4172/2161-0525.1000145
Copyright: © 2012 Yeh TY, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Phytoremediation is a green remediation technology for clean-up contaminated soils. The effect of chelant addition including EDTA, DTPA, EDDS, and citric acid on phtoextraction of metals within different organic contents of soil into sunflower (Helianthus annuus), Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris), cattail (Typha latifolia), and reed (Phragmitescommunis) was investigated in this pot experiment study. The application of 5 mmol/kg EDTA and DTPA had inhibitory effects on the growth of the plants, resulting in % reduction in biomass, respectively, compared with that in the control. However, the uptake of metal into tested plants and translocation to aerial plant parts was also demonstrated. The essential metals Cu and Zn uptake by sunflowers were significantly enhanced via citric acid addition. The other three chelants (EDTA, DTPA, and EDDS) did not improve the Cu and Zn root uptake nor above ground parts translocation compared to the control plant. The addition of 5 mmol/Kg citric acid achieved the maximum extent of phytoextraction.