Effect of Cold Weather on the Symptoms of Arthritic Disease: A Review of the LiteratureCiara Deall and Haroon Majeed*
The Royal Stoke University Hospital, Trauma and Orthopaedics, Newcastle Road, Stoke-on-Trent, England, UK
- *Corresponding Author:
- Haroon Majeed
The Royal Stoke University Hospital
Trauma and Orthopaedics, Newcastle Road
Stoke-on-Trent, England, UK
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 27, 2016; Accepted date: November 14, 2016; Published date: November 21, 2016
Citation: Deall C, Majeed H (2016) Effect of Cold Weather on the Symptoms of Arthritic Disease: A Review of the Literature. J Gen Pract (Los Angel) 4:275. doi: 10.4172/2329-9126.1000275
Copyright: © 2016 Deall C, et al.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
It is a common observation that pain and stiffness in patients known to have arthritis get worse in cold and damp weather conditions. The objective of this article is to review the available literature on this subject and to put forward an explanation for this common clinical finding. Literature search revealed twelve relevant articles including laboratory experiments and prospective questionnaire-based human studies. Various investigators have tried to study the effect of cold weather on arthritic symptoms and have suggested different theories. The effect of temperature changes localized to the joints has shown to increase stiffness at lower temperatures and decrease stiffness at higher temperatures. The effect of these changes has been found more pronounced in elderly population with arthritis and patients with advanced disease. The evidence to support this common observation is weak; however some studies have reported a trend towards worsening of pain and stiffness with falling temperature and barometric pressure in arthritic patients.