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ISSN: 2155-9880

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
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Research Article

Effect of Combined Resistive and Aerobic Exercise versus Aerobic Exercise Alone on Coronary Risk Factors in Obese Coronary Patients

Hussein N*, Thomas M, Prince D, Zohman L and Czojowski P
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Montefiore medical Center, Albert Einstein College of medicine, Yeshiva University, NY, USA
Corresponding Author : Hussein N
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Montefiore medical Center
Albert Einstein College of medicine
Yeshiva University, NY, USA
Tel: 00201003714793
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 27, 2015; Accepted February 22, 2015; Published February 27, 2015
Citation: Hussein N, Thomas M, Prince D, Zohman L, Czojowski P (2015) Effect of Combined Resistive and Aerobic Exercise versus Aerobic Exercise Alone on Coronary Risk Factors in Obese Coronary Patients. J Clin Exp Cardiolog 6:361. doi:10.4172/2155-9880.1000361
Copyright: © 2015 Hussein N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Objective: To study the effect of combined resistive and aerobic training versus aerobic training alone on coronary risk factors in obese coronary patients. Design: Randomized clinical trial. Setting: Outpatient setting. Participants: 50 coronary artery disease patients completed the study and were randomized to group I aerobic exercise (n=25), and group II combined resistive and aerobic exercise (n=25). Interventions: All patients had dietary counselling, stress management and aerobic exercise 3 times per week for 36 sessions. Group II added resistive exercise from the 18th session. All exercises were telemetry-monitored. Results: Strength gains for group II were greater than for group I on the three resistance machines (P<0.01). Percent body fat was reduced for group II after training (P<0.01) with significant difference in between groups (P<0.01). The relative gain in lean mass was greater in group II (P=0.0006). Group II only had decreased cholesterol, triglyceride, and low density lipoprotein (P<0.05). High density lipoprotein significantly increased in both groups (P<0.05). All cardiovascular conditioning parameters significantly diminished in both groups after training (P<0.05). Group II had lower exercise systolic blood pressure (P<0.05) and relatively greater improvement in average work load (P=0.0000). Conclusions: Combined resistive and aerobic training give better control of coronary risk factors particularly lipid profile and weight in obese coronary patients.

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