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ISSN: 2155-9937

Journal of Molecular Imaging & Dynamics
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Research Article

Effect of C-Terminal Truncations on the Aggregation Propensity of Α- Synuclein - A Potential of Mean Force Study

Airy Sanjeev and Venkata Satish Kumar Mattaparthi*

Molecular Modelling and Simulation Laboratory, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tezpur University, Tezpur-784 028, Assam, India

*Corresponding Author:
Venkata Satish Kumar Mattaparthi
Molecular Modelling and Simulation Laboratory
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
Tezpur University, Tezpur-784 028, Assam, India
Tel: +91 08811806866
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 1, 2017; Accepted date: June 27, 2017; Published date: June 30, 2017

Citation: Sanjeev A, Mattaparthi VSK (2017) Effect of C-Terminal Truncations on the Aggregation Propensity of Αlpha-Synuclein - A Potential of Mean Force Study . J Mol Imag Dynamic 7:132. doi:10.4172/2155-9937.1000132

Copyright: © Sanjeev A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use,distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

α-Synuclein is an intrinsically disordered protein which has a prominent role in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Several familial variants of a-synuclein have been reported to associate with inherited PD. Several studies have highlighted the presence and association of the C-terminus of truncated forms of a-synuclein with Wild type α-synuclein (WT α- syn) at much higher level in patients with Lewy body diseases and they are found to decrease the reductive capabilities and potentially results in permanent oxidation of a-synuclein. To understand the impact of C-terminal truncations on the aggregation propensity of WT α-syn, the inter-molecular interactions between them are critical. Here we demonstrate the interactions between the WT α-syn and its three C-terminal truncations 95 (α-syn 95), 120 (α-syn 120) and 123 (α-syn 123), using Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Potential of Mean Force study (PMF). From the PMF study, we observed C-terminal truncation 120 (α-syn 120) to bind strongly to WT a-syn than the other truncated forms of a-synuclein. We also noticed number of hydrogen bonds to be larger, high geometrical shape complementarity score, larger number of interface residues and interface area for the hetero-dimer (WT α-syn-α-syn 120) than other hetero-dimers (WT α-syn - α-syn 95/123). We therefore can infer that among α-syn 95, α-syn 120 and α-syn 123, α-syn 120 to show more association with WT α-syn. This is because in α-syn 120, more amino acids have been removed in comparison to α-syn 123. In contrast, α-Syn 95 shows less interaction with WT α-syn because of the absence of the entire C-terminal region. Our findings suggest that more the truncation on the Cterminal region of α-synuclein more will the effect on its aggregation.

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