Effect of Dual Tasking on Gait and Balance in Geriatric Population: An Observational StudyPalak M Engineer1 and Shraddha Diwan2*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Shraddha Diwan
S.B.B. College of Physiotherapy
V.S. General Hospital
Ellis Bridge Ahmedabad 380006
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 22, 2017; Accepted date: March 28, 2017; Published date: April 04, 2017
Citation: Engineer PM, Diwan S (2017) Effect of Dual Tasking on Gait and Balance in Geriatric Population: An Observational Study. Int J Neurorehabilitation 4:254. doi:10.4172/2376-0281.1000254
Copyright: © 2017 Engineer PM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Aging is a process of growing old which describes a wide array of physiological changes in the body system. With aging, structural changes of the brain occur, especially in the prefrontal areas, which have been associated with the Executive function and attention systems. Dual tasking demands divided attention which increases chances of fall in Geriatric people. Aim: To evaluate whether Gait or Balance which one is more sensitive for dual task activity in geriatric population and detecting changes in Gait and Balance performance. Materials and methodology: 57 Participants with the age group of 60-84 years (70.51 ± 6.33) took part in the study. Each participant performs 10 meter walk test and berg balance scale. Gait parameters and BBS Score were measured as a baseline data. Then perform 10 MWT and BBS with cognitive and motor task (Dual Task). All gait and balance parameters were documented during dual task activity. Results: The result shows statistical significant (p<0.05) effect of dual task on both Gait and Balance parameters. During dual task activity time and cadence were increased but speed, step length and stride length were reduced. BBS Score were also reduced. Conclusion: Dual tasking affects Gait and Balance both, Where Balance is more affected than Gait in Geriatric population.