Effect of Eating Oreochromis aureus on Biochemical Markers in Young PeopleJuan Manuel Muñoz Cano1*, Audomaro Díaz1, Carlos Josías Alamilla1, Dania Caballero2 and José Pool3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Juan Manuel Muñoz Cano
Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco
División Académica de Ciencias de la Salud
Avenida Méndez 2838-A, CP 86150, Villahermosa
Tel: (993) 3581500
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 04, 2014; Accepted date: June 23, 2014; Published date: June 25, 2014
Citation: Cano JMM, Díaz A, Alamilla CJ, Caballero D, Pool J (2014) Effect of Eating Oreochromis aureus on Biochemical Markers in Young People. J Nutr Food Sci 4:283. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000283
Copyright: © 2014 Cano JMM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Although non comunicable diseases have a multifactorial origin, changes in eating patterns seem to weigh more. Population groups that maintain their traditional eating patterns have a lower prevalence of these diseases.
Methods: Thirty-five students of the Universidad Autonoma de Tabasco, 22 women (62%, Ã¯ÂŸÂƒ 18.58 years) and 13 men (37%, Ã¯ÂŸÂƒ 18.76 years), were given 100 grams of Oreochromis aureus daily, five days a week, during eight weeks. Data on anthropometry, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, glycosylated hemoglobin, insulin and the HOMA-IR index were recorded before and after providing the fish. Results: In the experimental group, significant differences were observed between the first and the second measurement of insulin (p=0.004) and of the HOMA-IR (p=0.0001). Although an increase in the amount of insulin was evident in the second value, it was not greater than the cutoff point plus one SD, according to reference values. A significant difference in after-fasting glucose values was recorded for the women, with a smaller second value (p=0.003), however this did not occur in the case of the men. A decrease in after-fasting glucose values (p=0.015) was recorded for the group that presented at least one anomaly, in contrast with the group that presented no anomaly in the initial evaluation (p=0.078). The group with no anomaly presented a slight increase in insulin (p=0.074), as well as an increase in the HOMA-IR (p=0.019), with an average in the reference intervals. A significant difference in the initial glucose (p=0.006) and HbA1c (p=0.008) values was recorded between the two groups. Conclusions: The addition of 100 grams of Oreochromus aureus was accompanied by an increase in insulin values and a decrease in after-fasting glucose values, with no changes in glycosylated hemoglobin or lipids.