alexa Effect of Ethyl Alcohol on the Dinitrosalicylic Acid Assay for Reducing Sugars
e-ISSN: 2319-9849

Research & Reviews: Journal of Chemistry
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Research Article

Effect of Ethyl Alcohol on the Dinitrosalicylic Acid Assay for Reducing Sugars

Nyla Z. Numan1,2 and John C. Ford3*

1Indiana Area High School, Indiana, PA, USA

2Department of chemistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA

3Department of Chemistry, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA, USA

*Corresponding Author:
John C. Ford
Department of Chemistry, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Oakland Avenue, Indiana, PA, USA
Tel: +724357-5702
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: 06/08/2015; Accepted date: 27/08/2015; Published date: 01/09/2015

 

Abstract

The determination of reducing sugars, especially glucose, is of considerable interest. An assay attributed to Miller using 3,5-dinitrosalicyclic acid (DNS) is widely used but suffers from some limitations. It is, nonetheless, convenient and recommended by the IUPAC Commission on Biotechnology for measuring cellulase activity. We found that 5-10% concentrations of methanol, ethanol, 1- and 2-propanol interfered with the DNS assay and gave a positive error (an apparent increase in glucose) when aqueous standards were used for calibrating the assay. For ethanol concentrations beyond about 15%, the assay gave a negative error. In the case of ethanol, this was due to an effect of ethanol on the color-forming reaction as well as a slight effect on the spectral absorbance of the product.

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