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ISSN: 2150-3508

Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal
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Research Article

Effect of High Water Temperatures on the Utilisation Efficiencies of Energy and Protein by Juvenile Barramundi, Lates calcarifer

Brett Glencross1,2*, Michel Bermudes1,3

1Department of Fisheries – Research Division, PO Box 20, North Beach, WA 6020, Australia

2Food Futures Flagship - CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, PO Box 120, Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia

3Present address: Shellfish Culture Ltd, 290 Bicheno Street, Clifton Beach, TAS 7020, Australia

*Corresponding Author:
Brett Glencross
E-mail:
[email protected]

Accepted date: December 06, 2010; Published date: December 23, 2010

 

Abstract

This study was undertaken to define the effects of temperature on the energy and protein partial utilisation efficiencies of juvenile Barramundi. The experiment used a factorial design with four temperatures (25ºC, 29ºC, 32ºC, and 36ºC) and three ration levels (low, moderate, satiety) to examine the response of Barramundi to varying digestible energy (DE) and digestible protein (DP) intake. Energy and protein deposition with varying intakes at most temperatures were linear, though aberrations occurred at 36ºC relative to the other temperatures. The coefficients of DE utilisation were relatively consistent at 0.56 ± 0.02 (mean ± SEM) between 25ºC and 32ºC, though at 36ºC this declined to 0.42 ± 0.04. Similarly the maintenance DE demand for the fish was relatively constant across the range 25ºC to 32 ºC (~40 kJ DE/metabolic body weight (MBW)/d), but at 36ºC dramatically increased to around 110 kJ DE/MBW/d. The coefficients of DP utilisation were also relatively consistent at 0.51 ± 0.02 between 25ºC and 32ºC, though at 36ºC this declined to 0.28 ± 0.12. Similarly, the maintenance DP demand at 36ºC dramatically increased from around 0.5 g DP/PBW/d to 1.5 g DP/PBW/d. These results demonstrate that at high temperatures Barramundi protein demand and utilisation is significantly compromised and this affects their ability to efficiently convert dietary protein to tissue growth.

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