Effect of Iron Supplementation in the Prevention of Anemia Associated with Malaria in Children Aged 6 to 59 Months in Bakperou (Benin) in 2013
Adedemy JD1*, Agossou J1, Noudamadjo A1, Sanda GS1, Gbetoho J3, Ouendo EM4 and Ayivi B2
1Mother and Child Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin
2Department of Mother and Child, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
3National School of Technicians in Public Health and Epidemiologic Surveillance, University of Parakou, Benin
4Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Regional Public Health Institute, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
- *Corresponding Author:
- Julien Didier Adedemy
Maître Assistant, Pediatrician
Faculty of Medicine
University of Parakou and Borgou
Regional Hospital in Parakou
BP 02, Parakou, Benin
Tel: 00229 90 3 00 87
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: September 23, 2014; Accepted Date: December 01, 2014; Published Date: December 03, 2014
Citation: Adedemy JD, Agossou J, Noudamadjo A, Sanda GS, Gbetoho J, et al .(2015) Effect of Iron Supplementation in the Prevention of Anemia Associated with Malaria in Children Aged 6 to 59 Months in Bakperou (Benin) in 2013. Pediat Therapeut 5:222. doi:10.4172/2161-0665.1000222
Copyright: © 2014 Ragab AR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Anemia is a largely widespread public health issue, with major consequences on human health and the economic and social development.
Objective: To determine the effect of iron supplementation in the prevention of anemia in children aged 6 to 59 months having malaria in the village of Bakperou (Benin) in 2013.
Setting and methods: It was an interventional study carried out in two phases in a village of Parakou (Bakperou) from 15 may to 30 September, 2013. A descriptive phase including 236 children among whom 70, divided into two groups of 35 each, were selected for the experimental phase. One group had received an iron supplementation of 2mg/ kg/day during a period of two months. The second group had not received any supplementation.
Results: The mean age of the included children was 33.2 ± 13.5 months. In the supplemented children, the mean age was 32.0 ± 13.1 months for 34.5 ± 13.9 in the non- supplemented ones. The most represented sex was the female (63.3%). Sex ratio was 0.6. In the supplemented ones, female percentage was 56.7% and 66.7% 9 in the non- supplemented. The incidence of malaria was 63.3% IC95% [49.9% - 75.4%]. In the supplemented children, incidence of anemia in children having malaria was 43.3% IC95% [25.5% - 62.6%] and 73.3% IC95% [25.5% - 62.6%] in the non- supplemented. The non-supplemented children ran twice more risk of having anemia with malaria than supplemented ones (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Iron supplementation of infants and children in the village of Bakperou (Parakou) proved to be efficient and enable to implement a supplementation program in order to reduce anemia associated with malaria in children.