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ISSN: 2167-0277

Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
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Research Article

Effect of Maladaptive Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep among Communitydwelling African American Men at Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Natasha J Williams1*, Girardin Jean-Louis1, Mirnova E Ceïde2, Abishek Pandey3, Ricardo Osorio4, Mary Mittelman5 and Samy I McFarlane6

1Center for Healthful Behavior Change, Division of Health and Behavior, Department of Population Health NYU School of Medicine, New York, USA

2Montefiore Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Bronx, New York

3Department of Medicine, State University of New York-Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA

4Department of Psychiatry NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA

5Department of Psychiatry and Department of Rehailitation Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, USA

6Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology State University of New York-Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA

Corresponding Author:
Natasha J Williams
Center for Healthful Behavior Change
Division of Health and Behavior
Department of Population Health NYU School of Medicine, New York
Tel: 6465012628
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 10, 2017; Accepted Date: May 16, 2017; Published Date: May 20, 2017

Citation: Williams NJ, Louis GJ, Ceïde ME, Pandey A, Osorio R, et al. (2017) Effect of Maladaptive Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep among Community-dwelling African American Men at Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. J Sleep Disord Ther 6:269. doi: 10.4172/2167-0277.1000269

Copyright: © 2017 Williams NJ. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This study compared differences in both maladaptive beliefs and attitudes about sleep between African American (heareafter referred to as black) men at risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and those without OSA risk.

Methods: A convenience sample of 120 community-dwelling men provided sociodemographic, health and sleep data. A validated questionnaire was used to identify men at high risk for OSA and the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS-16) scale was used to measure endorsed attitudes and beliefs about sleep.

Results: The mean age of the sample was 42 ± 15 years. Men reported difficulty falling asleep (23%), difficulty maintaining sleep (23%), early morning awakening (35%), and use of sleep medicine (6%). 27% were at high risk for OSA. Men at high OSA risk had greater DBAS scores [F1, 92=13.68, p<0.001]; OSA risk was related to greater rate of sleep dissatisfaction overall [46% vs. 13%, Χ2=24.52, p<0.001].

Conclusion: The findings suggest that maladaptive beliefs and attitudes about sleep are important characteristics of black men at risk for OSA, and potential screenings around sleep difficulties should also consider these factors.

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