Effect of Maladaptive Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep among Communitydwelling African American Men at Risk for Obstructive Sleep ApneaNatasha J Williams1*, Girardin Jean-Louis1, Mirnova E Ceïde2, Abishek Pandey3, Ricardo Osorio4, Mary Mittelman5 and Samy I McFarlane6
- Corresponding Author:
- Natasha J Williams
Center for Healthful Behavior Change
Division of Health and Behavior
Department of Population Health NYU School of Medicine, New York
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 10, 2017; Accepted Date: May 16, 2017; Published Date: May 20, 2017
Citation: Williams NJ, Louis GJ, Ceïde ME, Pandey A, Osorio R, et al. (2017) Effect of Maladaptive Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep among Community-dwelling African American Men at Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. J Sleep Disord Ther 6:269. doi: 10.4172/2167-0277.1000269
Copyright: © 2017 Williams NJ. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study compared differences in both maladaptive beliefs and attitudes about sleep between African American (heareafter referred to as black) men at risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and those without OSA risk.
Methods: A convenience sample of 120 community-dwelling men provided sociodemographic, health and sleep data. A validated questionnaire was used to identify men at high risk for OSA and the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS-16) scale was used to measure endorsed attitudes and beliefs about sleep.
Results: The mean age of the sample was 42 ± 15 years. Men reported difficulty falling asleep (23%), difficulty maintaining sleep (23%), early morning awakening (35%), and use of sleep medicine (6%). 27% were at high risk for OSA. Men at high OSA risk had greater DBAS scores [F1, 92=13.68, p<0.001]; OSA risk was related to greater rate of sleep dissatisfaction overall [46% vs. 13%, Χ2=24.52, p<0.001].
Conclusion: The findings suggest that maladaptive beliefs and attitudes about sleep are important characteristics of black men at risk for OSA, and potential screenings around sleep difficulties should also consider these factors.