alexa Effect of Melatonin and Chromium Picolinate Administration to High Carbohydrate Diet-Fed Male Wistar Rats
ISSN: 1747-0862

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine
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Research Article

Effect of Melatonin and Chromium Picolinate Administration to High Carbohydrate Diet-Fed Male Wistar Rats

Doddigarla Z1, Parwez I2, Abidi S2 and Ahmad J1*

1Faculty of Medicine, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

2Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

*Corresponding Author:
Prof. Jamal Ahmad
Faculty of Medicine, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
Tel: 09412459552
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 19, 2016; Accepted Date: January 22, 2017; Published Date: January 25, 2017

Citation: Doddigarla Z, Parwez I, Abidi S, Ahmad J (2017) Effect of Melatonin and Chromium Picolinate Administration to High Carbohydrate Diet-Fed Male Wistar Rats. J Mol Genet Med 11:245 doi: 10.4172/1747-0862.1000245

Copyright: © 2017 Doddigarla Z, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

 

Abstract

Based on the hypothesis that consistent high carbohydrate diet (HCD) can induce insulin resistance (IR), the present study therefore investigated the induction of IR by feeding HCD. Novelty of the study is to evaluate the effects on pancreas, liver, and kidney tissues histology after eight weeks administration of melatonin and chromium picolinate (CrPic) either in single or in combination (melatonin+CrPic) to HCD rats’ respectively. The male Wistar rats were divided into five groups of six rats each. Group I served as control to which normal diet was given, while unlimited HCD was given to group II Group III, IV, and V were also given melatonin, CrPic, and melatonin+CrPic along with HCD in that order. Histopathologic findings of HCD rat pancreatic tissue suggested that the diet altered the normal structure of islets with concomitant lesser cytoplasmic granularity in acinar cells. HCD rat liver showed enlarged hepatocytes with narrowing of sinusoidal spaces. Results revealed after administration of melatonin and CrPic either in single or in combination (melatonin+CrPic) to HCD rats for 8 weeks normalized pancreas and liver alterations when compared with HCD rat pancreas and liver tissues respectively. The present study clearly shows that HCD-fed male Wistar rats that are destined to attain IR and T2DM through diet can be prevented by giving melatonin and CrPic administration in alone or in combination. Promoting this research area through in vitro and in vivo studies will help us to understand melatonin+CrPic mechanistic insights that may ultimately assist clinicians in controlling hyperglycaemia by supplementing as an add-on therapy.

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