Effect of Process Parameters on Yield and Conversion of Jatropha Biodiesel in a Batch ReactorNassereldeen Ahmed Kabbashi*, Nurudeen Ishola Mohammed, Md Zahangir Alam and Mohammed Elwathig S Mirghani
Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Centre (BERC), Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia
- Corresponding Author:
- Kabbashi NA
Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Centre
Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 12, 2014; Accepted February 17, 2015; Published March 01, 2015
Citation: Kabbashi NA, Mohammed NI, Alam Md Z, Mirghani MES (2015) Effect of Process Parameters on Yield and Conversion of Jatropha Biodiesel in a Batch Reactor. J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl 5:155 doi:10.4172/2090-4541.1000155
Copyright: © 2015 Kabbashi NA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In a quest for environmental friendly energy source with least pollutants emission due to issues of global warming coupled with dwindling reserve of the fossil fuel, researchers have intensified study on renewable fuels. Among these renewable energy sources, biodiesel stands prominent. Biodiesel production is largely by transesterification of transglycerides of fatty acids almost always in a batch reactor. Of importance in the yield generation and fatty acid methyl esters conversion is the feedstock purity, control of reagents use in production and operation parameters alteration. This is geared towards achieving optimum resource conservation while also minimizing cost and materials wastage. In this study biodiesel was produced from hydrolysate (free fatty acids from hydrolyzed Jatropha curcas oil) using calcinated niobic acid catalyst at controlled rates of process parameters. Yield and conversion up to 97.7% and 100% respectively of the alkyl esters produced. This informs the influence of process parameters significantly on the throughput of the final product.