Effect of Red Seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii on Growth, Survival, and Disease Resistance of Pacific White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei Against Vibrio harveyi in the Nursery Phase
Received Date: Jan 23, 2018 / Accepted Date: Feb 23, 2018 / Published Date: Mar 27, 2018
In this study, the effect of red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii by-product meal on growth, survival, and disease resistance of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei against Vibrio harveyi was evaluated in the nursery phase. Shrimp was fed for 30 days with four different diets: control (0 g kg-1), 5 g kg-1, 10 g kg-1 and 15 g kg-1 seaweed supplemented feed. The seaweed supplementation at the higher concentrations (10 and 15 g kg-1) was found to increase the survival of the shrimp, even though not significantly. The highest total biomass obtained in the shrimp group fed with 15 g kg-1 seaweed diet (P>0.05). Following feeding test, bacterial challenge test using pathogenic V. harveyi was done on the shrimp group previously fed with 15 g kg-1 seaweed diet. The findings showed that seaweed-supplementation significantly increased up to 10% higher shrimp survival after Vibrio challenge. Based on the results of histopathological analysis, hepatopancreas from seaweed-supplemented shrimp showed decreasing tubular epithelial cell lesion by Vibrio infection, suggesting that compounds contained in K. alvarezii by-product meal could have protected shrimp hepatopancreas from distructive effect of Vibrio infection. In general, red seaweed K. alvarezii enrichment on shrimp diet provides protection against V. harveyi infectionduring the shrimp nursery phase.
Keywords: Enrichment; Seaweed; Immunostimulant; Shrimp; Vibrio
Citation: Suantika G, Situmorang ML, Khakim A, Wibowo I, Aditiawati P, et al. (2018) Effect of Red Seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii on Growth, Survival, and Disease Resistance of Pacific White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei Against Vibrio harveyi in the Nursery Phase. J Aquac Res Development 9: 523. Doi: 10.4172/2155-9546.1000523
Copyright: ©2018 Suantika G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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