alexa Effect of Salinity and pH on Fatty Acid Profile of The
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
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Research Article

Effect of Salinity and pH on Fatty Acid Profile of The Green Algae Tetraselmis suecica

Adel Waslallah Almutairi1 and Hussein Elsayed Toulibah1,2*

1Biological Sciences Department, Rabigh-Faculty of Science and Arts, King Abdulaziz University, P. O. box 344, Rabigh 21911, Saudi Arabia

2Botany Department, College of Women for Arts, Science and Education – Ain Shams University - 1, Asmaa Fahmy Street - Heliopolis, Post cod No. 11757 - Cairo, Egypt

*Corresponding Author:
Toulibah HE
Biological Sciences Department
Rabigh- Faculty of Science and Arts
King Abdulaziz University, P. O. box 344
Rabigh 21911, Saudi Arabia
Tel: +966555878142
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 25, 2017; Accepted date: June 22, 2017; Published date: June 28, 2017

Citation: Almutairi AW, Toulibah HE (2017) Effect of Salinity and pH on Fatty Acid Profile of The Green Algae Tetraselmis suecica. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 7:333.doi: 10.4172/2157-7463.1000333

Copyright: © 2017 Almutairi AW, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

In this study, the marine alga Tetraselmis suecica was cultured in F/2 medium with various rang of salinity and pH. The influence of stressed algal cells to produce biofuels was studied. The neutral lipid (triacylglycerol) assembled by T. suecica was determined using Nile Red dye under salinity stress (up to 1 M NaCl) and pH (pH 7 to 9). Salinity showed a stimulating effect on triacylglycerol in the algal cells at the 1 Molars, while the effect of pH was changeable. Then fatty acid profile of T. suecica cells was evaluated by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) after direct trans-esterification with hydrochloric acid in methanol. It was shown that, high salinity was ideal for biodiesel production due to increasing of monounsaturated fatty acids produced by Tetraselmis suecica.

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