alexa Effect of Social Support Systems on the Psychosocial Well-Being of the Elderly in Old People s Homes in Ibadan | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2167-7182

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Effect of Social Support Systems on the Psychosocial Well-Being of the Elderly in Old People s Homes in Ibadan

Oyinlola Oluwagbemiga*

Medical Social Services Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Oyinlola Oluwagbemiga
Medical Social Services Department, University
College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Tel: +2347030272125
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received date: August 19, 2016; Accepted date: September 16, 2016; Published date: September 19, 2016

Citation: Oluwagbemiga O (2016) Effect of Social Support Systems on the Psychosocial Well-Being of the Elderly in Old People’s Homes in Ibadan. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 5:343. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000343

Copyright: © 2016 Oluwagbemiga O. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Aging is not entirely a negative process, but old age is undoubtedly a difficult period, worsened by the inadequacy of social institutions to care for their aged. The elderly is faced with several health and social challenges which created a gap in traditional family system that caters for the well-being of aged. It is against this background the study examined the effect of social support on the psychological well-being of the elderly in old people’s homes in Ibadan.

The study used descriptive survey research design. The sample comprised of 122 elderly within the ages of 65 years and above who were purposively drawn from three (3) old people’s homes in Ibadan that operate on residential and non-residential services. Three research instruments were used: Social Support was assessed by the adapted scale of “multidimensional scale of perceived social support” (r=32); psychological well-being was measure by adapted scale of ‘the general psychological well-being index’ (r=82); social well-being was measured by adapted scale of ‘Perceived Social Well-being Questionnaire’(r=68). The reliability of the instrument yielded r=0.84 Crobanch Alpha.

Five null hypotheses were formulated and tested using analysis of variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 level of significance and multiple regression was used to test the variables with magnitude effect on the psychosocial well-being of the elderly. The study established that there was a significant effect of emotional support on the psychosocial well-being of the elderly (f-cal=128.058, f-crit=2.19, P<0.05). The study also showed that, there is a significant effect of financial support on the psychosocial well-being of the elderly (f-cal=64.821, f-crit=2.19, P<0.05). Furthermore, the study established that, there is significant effect of companionship on the psychosocial well-being of the elderly (fcal= 32.506, f-crit=2.19, P<0.05), also, the study showed that, there is a significant effect of information access on the psychosocial well-being of the elderly (f-cal=120.655, f-crit=2.19, P<0.05). In terms of magnitude of effect, companionship contributed most to the psychosocial well-being of the elderly (ß=0.798; t=8.685; P<0.05), followed by information access (ß=0.609; t=6.788; P<0.05); followed by emotional support (ß=0.137; t=5.150; P<0.05) and next is financial support (ß=0.239; t=2.300; P<0.05).

The findings showed that social support (emotional support, information access, companionship, financial support) has significant effect on the psychosocial well-being of the elderly in old people’s homes. It was recommended that, there is need for the structural framework to address the complex system of the elderly services in all old people’s homes. The areas of services should include economic services, attitudes of people towards aging, establishing support groups, aged responsive library services and health care services that are responsive to the needs of the elderly.

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7