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ISSN: 2157-7048

Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology
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Research Article

Effect of Two Waves of Ultrasonic on Waste Water Treatment

Kumar R1*, Yadav N1, Rawat L1 and Goyal MK2
1 Forest Ecology and Environment Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, India
2 National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali, India
Corresponding Author : Kumar R
Forest Ecology & Environment Division
Forest Research Institute
Dehradun-248006, India
Tel: +91-8591473231
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 07, 2014; Accepted April 17, 2014; Published April 21, 2014
Citation: Kumar R, Yadav N, Rawat L, Goyal MK (2014) Effect of Two Waves of Ultrasonic on Waste Water Treatment. J Chem Eng Process Technol 5:193. doi:10.4172/2157-7048.1000193
Copyright: © 2014 Kumar R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

In the area of water purification, ultra sonication offers the possibility of an efficient removal of pollutants and germs. Ultrasound treatment is one of several technologies that promote hydrolysis – the rate-limiting stage during wastewater treatment. The basic principal of ultrasound is based on the destruction of both bacterial cells and difficultto-degrade organics. In wastewater, various substances and agents collect in the form of aggregates and flakes, including bacteria, viruses, cellulose and starch. Wastewater is composed largely of the substances responsible for the offensive, pathogenic and toxic materials. In the present research work we found that the ultrasonic treatment is very effective for the waste water purification. The bacterial populations in sludge were decreased according to the frequency (35 KHz and 130 KHz) and time period (5, 10, 20 and 30 min). As the frequency and time period increase the bacterial population was decreased. It was also observed that 130 KHz frequency was more effective than 35 KHz. This technique would play a major role in sustainable development in a large scale of water purification.

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