Effectiveness of Adding Flaxseed to Type 2 Diabetic PatientÃ¢ÂÂs RegimenSeham Tharwat1, Ashraf Abd El-Megeid1, Randa Salam2, Laila Rashed3, Sayed El-Hamid4, Samah Abdel-Shafy1 and Dina Shaheen2*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dina Shaheen
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
Cairo University, Cairo
Fax: +20 26 28 884
Email: [email protected]
Received date: April 29, 2017; Accepted date: May 24, 2017; Published date: May 31, 2017
Citation: Tharwat S, Shaheen D, El-Megeid AA, Salam R, Rashed L, et al. (2017) Effectiveness of Adding Flaxseed to Type 2 Diabetic Patient’s Regimen. Endocrinol Metab Syndr 6:267. doi:10.4172/2161-1017.1000267
Copyright: © 2017 Tharwat S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background and Aims: Flaxseed is a promising alternative reducing the risk of diseases associated with obesity. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of supplemented bakery with flaxseed or flaxseed oil on type 2 diabetic patients
Materials and Methods: Ninety type 2 diabetic on oral hypoglycemic (body weight, fasting, post prandial blood glucose, cholesterol, LDL, HDL, Triglycerides, VLDL and leptin) were recorded at base line, and after twelve weeks. Participants divided into 3 groups. Group 1 (control): Consists of 30 patients on regimen diet with type 2 diabetes who received regimen diet 1350 kcal. Group 2: Consists of 30 patients with type 2 diabetes and following regimen diet same as group (1) plus a dose of flaxseed oil bakery regimen diet for twelve weeks. Group (3): Consists of 30 subjects with type 2 diabetes on regimen diet the same as group (1) plus supplementation with flaxseed bakery product for twelve weeks.
Results: After twelve weeks significant changes in group 2 and 3 Versus control in BMI (0.05, 0.03) fasting (p<0.001), post prandial glucose (0.03, 0.02, 0.001), HA1c (0.02, 0.01), cholesterol (0.024, <0.001, 0.01), triglycerides (<0.001), LDL (0.05, 0.001, 0.01), VLDL (<0.001) and leptin (<0.001).
Conclusion: Regimen diet containing supplemented bakery with flaxseed or flaxseed oil for 12 weeks decrease BMI, blood glucose, lipid profile in type 2 diabetics, thus incorporating flaxseed in bakery is recommended.