Effectiveness of Life Style Interventions as Self Help Technique to Enhance Psychological Well-Being of Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Senior Citizens
|Sharma R* and Mahavidyalya A|
|University of Delhi, Delhi, India|
|Corresponding Author :||Sharma R
University of Delhi
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received Sep 19, 2014; Accepted Nov 17, 2014; Published Nov 19, 2014|
|Citation: Sharma R, Mahavidyalya A (2014) Effectiveness of Life Style Interventions as Self Help Technique to Enhance Psychological Well- Being of Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Senior Citizens. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 3:189. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000189|
|Copyright: © 2014 Sharma R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Objective: To explore the effectiveness of life style interventions as self-help technique to enhance psychological well-being of institutionalized and non-institutionalized senior citizens.
Tools - Psychological well-being scale, Leisure time activity scale, Life style scale, Depression scale.
Methodology: It is a community based experimental study with a sample of 240 senior citizens selected randomly at phase one and purposive sampling was done at second phase. Population was divided into control (n=120) and experimental group (n=120) in phase II. Assessment was done before and after six months intervention, further follow up was done after a month. The intervention was consist of exercises; diet schedule, physical activities and meditation.
Results: Older people having poor psychological well-beingin experimental group showed significant improvements in PWB scale, LTA scale and LS scale (p<0.01) after interventions. Depression found to be significantly higher (p<0.05) among institutionalized group no significant difference was found on other indicators of PWB when compared with non-institutionalized group. But follow-up results showed significant degradation on all indicators of PWB and LS.