alexa Effectiveness of Life Style Interventions as Self Help
ISSN: 2167-7182

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
Open Access

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Research Article

Effectiveness of Life Style Interventions as Self Help Technique to Enhance Psychological Well-Being of Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Senior Citizens

Sharma R* and Mahavidyalya A
University of Delhi, Delhi, India
Corresponding Author : Sharma R
University of Delhi
Delhi, India
Tel: +919899060247
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Sep 19, 2014; Accepted Nov 17, 2014; Published Nov 19, 2014
Citation: Sharma R, Mahavidyalya A (2014) Effectiveness of Life Style Interventions as Self Help Technique to Enhance Psychological Well- Being of Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Senior Citizens. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 3:189. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000189
Copyright: © 2014 Sharma R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Objective: To explore the effectiveness of life style interventions as self-help technique to enhance psychological well-being of institutionalized and non-institutionalized senior citizens.

Tools - Psychological well-being scale, Leisure time activity scale, Life style scale, Depression scale.

Methodology: It is a community based experimental study with a sample of 240 senior citizens selected randomly at phase one and purposive sampling was done at second phase. Population was divided into control (n=120) and experimental group (n=120) in phase II. Assessment was done before and after six months intervention, further follow up was done after a month. The intervention was consist of exercises; diet schedule, physical activities and meditation.

Results: Older people having poor psychological well-beingin experimental group showed significant improvements in PWB scale, LTA scale and LS scale (p<0.01) after interventions. Depression found to be significantly higher (p<0.05) among institutionalized group no significant difference was found on other indicators of PWB when compared with non-institutionalized group. But follow-up results showed significant degradation on all indicators of PWB and LS.

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