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ISSN: 2161-105X

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine
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Research Article

Effects of Air Quality and Climate Change on Airway Hyperreactivity in Children (A Multi-Centered Study)

Esen Demir1, Levent Midyat1*, Demet Can2, Ali Kanik3, Nevin Uzuner4, Figen Gülen1, Nejat Aksu3, Duygu Ölmez4, Suna Asilsoy2, Arzu Babayigit4, Eylem Ulas Saz1 and Remziye Tanaç1

1Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pulmonology-Allergy, Izmir, Turkey

2Dr. Behçet Uz Hospital of Educational and Research of Children Diseases and Surgery, Pediatric Pulmonology-Allergy, Izmir, Turkey

3SSK Tepecik Children’s Hospital, Pediatric Pulmonology-Allergy, Izmir, Turkey

4Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine, Pediatric Pulmonology-Allergy, Izmir, Turkey

*Corresponding Author:
Levent Midyat
Ege Universitesi Cocuk Sagligi ve Hastaliklari AD
35100, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
Tel: 90 532 405 9763
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 08, 2011; Accepted date: November 06, 2011; Published date: November 08, 2011

Citation: Demir E, Midyat L, Can D, Kanik A, Uzuner N (2011) Effects of Air Quality and Climate Change on Airway Hyperreactivity in Children (A Multi-Centered Study). J Pulmonar Respirat Med 1:105. doi: 10.4172/2161-105X.1000105

Copyright: © 2011 Demir E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The clinical effects of environmental pollution and climate change on respiratory health is a contemporary debate issue. In this study, the sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), particulate matter (PM 10 ) levels, and climate conditions in the city of Izmir, have been taken together with the patients with asthma or acute bronchiolitis, who admitted to the children’s emergency departments of the four university/education-research hospitals in Izmir. From September 1, 2007 until August 31, 2008, the 22,467 patients who admitted to these centers because of airway hyperreactivity, were of age 3.05±1.57 on the average, and the male/female ratio was 1.7. Among the patients, 79.3% were having acute bronchiolitis, and 20.7% an asthma attack. As SO 2 and PM 10 levels increase, the daily asthma attacks, patients with acute bronchiolitis, and total of patients with hyperactivity, were observed to increase (p<0.001). In addition, the numbers in the following five days after the increase of air pollution rate, were observed to increase statistically significantly (p<0.001). The number of asthma and acute bronchiolitis patients applying to emergency, was negatively correlated with daily average temperature, but positively correlated with relative humidity, actual air pressure, and sea- level pressure levels (p<0.001). Reflecting on the increase of asthma and acute bronchiolitis in developed societies, there is a necessity of effective reliefs such as effectively monitoring the within-city air quality, taking the industrial centers out of the city, promoting public transportation, and preserving the natural life.

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