Effects of Aquatic Pole Walking on the Reduction of Spastic Hypertonia in a Patient with Hemiplegia: A Case StudyHiroki Obata1*, Tetsuya Ogawa1, Motonori Hoshino1,2,3, Chiho Fukusaki4, Yohei Masugi2, Hirofumi Kobayashi1, Hideo Yano5 and Kimitaka Nakazawa1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hiroki Obata
Department of Life Sciences, Kyushu Institute of Technology, School of Engineering
1-1, Sensui, Tobata, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 804-8550, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 23, 2017; Accepted date: April 13, 2017; Published date: April 15, 2017
Citation: Obata H, Ogawa T, Hoshino M, Fukusaki C, Masugi Y, et al. (2017) Effects of Aquatic Pole Walking on the Reduction of Spastic Hypertonia in a Patient with Hemiplegia: A Case Study. Int J Phys Med Rehabil 5:401. doi: 10.4172/2329-9096.1000401
Copyright: © 2017 Obata H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Here we report an acute effect of aquatic pole walking (PW) training intervention on a 64-year-old male patient with chronic hemiparesis and symptoms of spasticity in the right lower limb. A comparison of over ground walking before and after 20 minutes of aquatic PW training revealed a significant improvement in gait performance. As a main result, the average speed of walking after the intervention was 0.16 m/s after the intervention as compared to 0.04 m/s in the initial condition. The time taken for each stride cycle was drastically decreased, mainly due to shortening of the stance time. Underlying the improved gait performance was the emergence of functional muscle activity in the paralyzed and spastic leg muscles. The result observed in this patient should be further tested among a large population of patients presenting similar symptoms. Moreover, the basic mechanisms underlying aquatic PW intervention should be further elucidated.