alexa Effects of Biosurfactants on Gas Hydrates
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
Open Access

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Review Article

Effects of Biosurfactants on Gas Hydrates

Amit Arora1, Swaranjit Singh Cameotra2*, Rajnish Kumar3, Pushpendra Kumar4 and Chandrajit Balomajumder1
1Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
2Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh, India
3Chemical Engineering and Process Development Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India
4Keshav Dev Malviya Institute of Petroleum Exploration, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Dehradun, India
Corresponding Author : Swaranjit Singh Cameotra
Senior Principal Scientist, Institute of Microbial Technology
Sector 39A, Chandigarh-160036, India
Tel: +91-9041036750
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 14, 2014; Accepted April 17, 2014; Published April 25, 2014
Citation: Arora A, Cameotra SS, Kumar R, Kumar P, Balomajumder C (2014) Effects of Biosurfactants on Gas Hydrates. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 5:170. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000170
Copyright: © 2014 Arora A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

The increasing demand of fossil fuels resources and their continuous consumption has created a necessity for exploring the alternative resources of energy like gas hydrates. Gas hydrates exist under oceans and in permafrost regions. They are also known as methane hydrates or methane clathrates. These are stable at high pressure and low temperature. These are formed when methane gas comes in contact with sediments saturated with water. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis were found in gas hydrates samples investigations from Gulf of Mexico and these microbes generated biosurfactants like Rhamnolipid and Surfactin. The current paper reports the effects of biosurfactants such as Rhamnolipid, Surfactin, Snomax, Emulsan, Phospholipids, Hydroxystearic acid etc. on Gas Hydrate formation.

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