alexa Effects of Inoculation of Sinorhizobium ciceri and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria on Nodulation, Yield and Nitrogen and Phosphorus Uptake of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Shoa Robit Area

Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research
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Research Article

Effects of Inoculation of Sinorhizobium ciceri and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria on Nodulation, Yield and Nitrogen and Phosphorus Uptake of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Shoa Robit Area

Birhanu Messele* and L.M. Pant

Department of Agro-ecology, Menschen fur Menschen, Agro-Technical and Technology College, P. O. Box 322, Harar, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Birhanu Messele
Department of Agro-Ecology, Menschen fur Menschen
Agro-Technical and Technology College
P. O. Box 322, Harar, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 01, 2012; Accepted date: December 17, 2012; Published date: December 20, 2012

Citation: Messele B, Pant LM (2012) Effects of Inoculation of Sinorhizobium ciceri and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria on Nodulation, Yield and Nitrogen and Phosphorus Uptake of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Shoa Robit Area. J Biofertil Biopestici 3:129. doi:10.4172/2155-6202.10000129

Copyright: © 2012 Messele B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during the 2006/07 growing season to assess the effects of inoculation of Sinorhizobium ciceri and phosphate solubilizing bacteria on the performance of chickpea variety” DZ-10-11” in Shoa Robit area, Ethiopia. Three levels of NP fertilizer and four levels of inoculants were used for the experiment. Treatments were laid down in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in a factorial combination with three replications. The result of this study revealed that inoculation of Sinorhizobium ciceri alone increased dry matter yield by 156.58% and nodule number by 117.96% over the control whilst the addition of 18/20 kg NP ha-1 as urea and DCB resulted in 149.6% increase of dry matter yield and 143.6% increase in nodule number per plant over the uninoculated control. There was also a marked increase in nodule dry weight (200%), as a result of Sinorhizobium ciceri+ 18/20 kg NP ha-1 as urea and DCB, indicating the importance of phosphorus for nodule tissue development. Similarly inoculation of Pseudomonas sp.+ 18/20 kg NP ha-1 as urea and DCB also increased nodule dry weight, nodule number, nodule volume and seed yield by 240%, 188.52%, 151.81% 142.95% respectively over the control, indicating the efficiency of the bacteria in solubilizing phosphate in DCB. On the other hand inoculation of Sinorhizobium ciceri+ Pseudomonas sp. with 18/20 kg NP ha-1 as urea and DCB increased nodules number per plant by 208.8% and nodule dry weight by 220% and nodule volume by 221.24%, dry matter by 172.09% over uninoculated control at mid flowering stage of chickpea. Similarly inoculation of Sinorhizobium ciceri+Pseudomonas sp. With 18/20 kg NP ha-1 as urea and DAP increased nodule number, nodule dry weight, nodule volume and dry matter by 271.59%, 220%, 241.97%, 181.40% respectively over uninoculated control at mid flowering stage.

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