Effects of Supraphysiological Doses of Sex Steroids on Wheel Running Activity in Mice
- *Corresponding Author:
- Robert S. Bowen
100 Alumni Drive, Science and Mathematics Division
Truett-McConnell College, Cleveland, GA 30528, USA
Tel: 706-865-2136 ext. 235
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 10, 2012; Accepted date: July 07, 2012; Published date: July 09, 2012
Citation: Bowen RS, Knab AM, Hamilton AT, McCall JR, Moore-Harrison TL, et al. (2012) Effects of Supraphysiological Doses of Sex Steroids on Wheel Running Activity in Mice. J Steroids Horm Sci 3:110. doi: 10.4172/2157-7536.1000110
Copyright: © 2012 Bowen RS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The regulatory mechanisms of physical activity are postulated to include environmental and biological/genetic factors. In particular, the sex steroids appear to have profound effects on wheel running in rodents. The purpose of this project was to investigate the effects of 17β-estradiol and testosterone on wheel running distance, duration, and speed in male and female C57BL/6J mice. The mice (N=46) were provided free access to running wheels interfaced with computers to track daily running distance, duration, and speed. Activity was assessed at baseline in intact mice, after surgical gonadectomy, and after replacement with either 17β- estradiol or testosterone. Upon removal of the gonads, physical activity levels were significantly reduced in both males and females. Distance (10-30% of baseline) and duration (20-47% of baseline) measures were most affected by the loss of endogenous steroids, while running speed (60-77% of baseline) though significantly reduced-decreased by a much lower magnitude. Testosterone replacement fully recovered running distance, duration, and speed to pre-surgical levels in both sexes (100% of baseline). Distance (30-42% of baseline) and duration (43- 47% of baseline) were partially recovered by 17β-estradiol, but not to baseline levels. Speed (100% of baseline) was fully recovered by 17β-estradiol replacement in males and females. This study suggests that physical activity in mice is affected by endogenous steroids and can be altered by exogenous steroid replacement. The differences in the recovery abilities of 17β-estradiol and testosterone suggest that both estrogenic and androgenic pathways may be involved to variable degrees in activity regulation.