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ISSN: 2327-5162

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Review Article

Effects of Yoga on Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Hyun-Nam Ko1, Sam-Sun Le2 and Sang-Dol Kim3*

1Department of Nursing, Jinju Health College, Jinju, Republic of Korea

2Department of Nursing, Koje College, Koje, Republic of Korea

3Department of Nursing, College of Health Science, Kangwon National University, Samcheok-si, Republic of Korea

*Corresponding Author:
Sang-Dol Kim
Department of Nursing
College of Health Science
Kangwon National University: 346 Hwangjo-gil
Dogye-eup, Samcheok-si
Gangwon-do 245-907, Republic of Korea
Tel: 82-33-540-3362
Fax: 82-033-540-3217
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 10, 2016; Accepted date: December 01, 2016; Published date: December 05, 2016

Citation: Hyun-Nam K, Sam-Sun L, Sang-Dol K (2016) Effects of Yoga on Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Altern Integr Med 5:226. doi:10.4172/2327-5162.1000226

Copyright: © 2016 Hyun-Nam K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permitsunrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of yoga in the management of menstrual pain and the symptoms associated with dysmenorrhea.
Methods: A search was conducted using CINAHL, the Cochrane library, Embase, PsycINFO, PubMed, and KoreaMed electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reported effects of yogic intervention on dysmenorrhea published in any language between January 1966 and October 2014. Quality assessment was conducted using the Cochrane risk of bias tool.
Results: Two potential trials were identified of which two were included in the review. Quality critical appraisal had low or moderate risk of bias. The available data could only be included as a narrative description. A significant difference was observed between experimental and control groups in pain intensity and pain duration (p<0.05) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (p<0.002), follicle-stimulating hormone (p<0.02), luteinizing hormone (p<0.001), and prolactin (p<0.02) were decreased significantly in the experimental group, compared with the control group.
Conclusions: There is evidence from two RCTs that yoga interventions may be favorable effective for dysmenorrhea. However the findings should be interpreted with caution due to the number of small RCTs and quality limitation partly. Therefore further high quality RCTs are required to investigate the hypothesis that yoga alleviates menstrual pain and the symptoms associated with dysmenorrhea, to confirm and further comprehend the effects of standardized yoga programs in dysmenorrhea.

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