Egypt Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Implications
Senior Research Fellow, Department of International Development, The London School of Economics and Political Science LSE, Houghton Street, London, United Kingdom.
- *Corresponding Author:
- Marwan Naser
Senior Research Fellow
Department of International Development
The London School of Economics and Political Science LSE
Houghton Street, London, United Kingdom
Tel: +44 7703 447233
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 30, 2014; Accepted July 15, 2014; PublishedJuly 22, 2014
Citation: Naser M (2014) Egypt Demographic Trends and Socio-Economic Implications. J Glob Econ 2:117. doi: 10.4172/2375-4389.1000117
Copyright: © 2014 Naser M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The aim of this article is to examine the implications of demographic change in Egypt. This paper provides new grounds for research and applications in designing, developing, implementing and institutionalizing decision support and their use in socio-economic development. This work goes beyond both a theoretical expectation and empirical evidence that rapid population growth is one of the crucial problems that have hindered development efforts in the region; it carries serious implications for employment, access to services and the cost of subsidies. These could spell serious political consequences in what is already a politically unstable state. Population data for Egypt are extremely sensitive and need to be treated cautiously. Nonetheless, it is clear that Egypt since the 1970s has experienced a dramatic rise in population compared to other parts of the developing world. Despite the progress of economic reforms and structural adjustments program applied during the past years, Egypt is still suffering in the beginning of the twenty first century- from a slowdown in the economic activity, a shortage in foreign exchange earnings, structural imbalances in the labor market, a high rate of unemployment, and a growing government deficit. Rapid population growth in a country known for its scarcity of inhabitable land and fresh water could put an extraordinary strain on the environment and could turn it to an untenable population density.