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ISSN:2090-5025

Bioceramics Development and Applications
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Research Article

Electrical Transport Properties and Gamma-Ray Attenuation Coefficient of Some Phosphate Glasses Containing By-Pass Cement Dust

Salem SM, Mostafa AG, Ahmed MA, Yassin OM and Abu Gasser RA*

Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt

*Corresponding Author:
Gasser R
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science
Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
Tel: +20 102 722 7142
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received date: March 20, 2017; Accepted date: April 20, 2017; Published date: April 25, 2017

Citation: Salem SM, Mostafa AG, Ahmed MA, Yassin OM, Abu Gasser RA (2017) Electrical Transport Properties and Gamma-Ray Attenuation Coefficient of Some Phosphate Glasses Containing By-Pass Cement Dust. Bioceram Dev Appl 7:100. doi:10.4172/2090-5025.1000100

Copyright: © 2017 Salem SM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Some phosphate glasses containing different amounts of by-pass cement dust (BCD) were prepared by the melt quenching method. The selected molecular composition was [(100-x)% - P2O5 (x)% BCD (where 30≤ x≥60)]. The obtained experimental density and molar volume values were inspected and were then compared with those obtained empirically for the close packed structure of the corresponding compounds. The comparison between experimental and emperical values evidenced the short range order of the studied samples. The electric and dielectric properties were thoroughly investigated. The appearance of maxima and minima in the total conductivity BCD concentration dependence can be attributed to the mixed alkali – alkaline earth effect (MAAE) and to the presence of considerable amount of CaO. The suitability of such glasses to act as gamma-ray shielding materials was thoroughly investigated, and correlation between the chemical composition (the BCD concentration) and gamma-ray attenuation behavior was established.

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