alexa Electrocardiogram Alteration and its Association with Khat Chewing: A study in Jimma Town, Ethiopia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0940

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research
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Special Issue Article

Electrocardiogram Alteration and its Association with Khat Chewing: A study in Jimma Town, Ethiopia

Almaz A*, Andualem M, Amare D and Samuel T

Department of Physiology, Jimma University, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Almaz A
Department of Physiology, Jimma University, Ethiopia
Tel: +25147111 1458
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: January 20, 2017; Accepted date: February 06, 2017; Published date: February 16, 2017

Citation: Almaz A, Andualem M, Amare D, Samuel T (2017) Electrocardiogram Alteration and its Association with Khat Chewing: A study in Jimma Town, Ethiopia. Anat Physiol S6:008. doi: 10.4172/2161-0940.S6-008

Copyright: © 2017 Almaz A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Background: The electrocardiogram has become the most commonly performed cardiovascular test and an essential diagnostic tool in clinical cardiology. Increasing evidences suggest that long-term khat chewing may have powerful implications on the cardiovascular system. However; very few studies have focused on the association between khat chewing and ECG alteration.

Objective: To asses Electrocardiogram alteration and its association with khat chewing in Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia.

Method: In this study, a cross-sectional, house-to-house survey on the representative sample of 342 persons, age ≥ 18 years, was conducted in Jimma town, southwestern Ethiopia, from March to April 2016. Sociodemographic characteristics, khat chewing history and ECG record (by standard 12-lead) data were collected. Kebeles, household, one member of a family in each household was chosen by the lottery method. Collected data was checked for its completeness and coded then entered to Epi-data 3.1 version and then exported to SPSS version 20 window for analysis. Descriptive statistics, binary and multivariate logistic regression analyses were applied to compute the variables.

Results: There was a significant statistical association between age, khat chewing and ECG alteration. The most prevalent altered ECG finding was high heart rate 28(47.46%), followed by myocardial infarction 12(20.34%).

Conclusion: This work and previous studies demonstrated that age, chronic khat chewing and increase in systolic blood pressure have effect on ECG alteration.

Recommendation: Health promotion interventions should aim to prevent cardiovascular system diseases. Policy makers should design strategies to control the production, usage and distribution of khat.


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