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Electrocardiographic Abnormalities in Heart Failure Patients at a Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-9517

Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis
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Research Article

Electrocardiographic Abnormalities in Heart Failure Patients at a Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana

Isaac Kofi Owusu1,2*, Yaw Adu-Boakye2 and Lambert Tetteh Appiah2
1Department of Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
2Department of Medicine, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
Corresponding Author : Isaac Kofi Owusu
Department of Medicine, School of Medical Sciences
College of Health Sciences
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Kumasi and Department of Medicine
Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
Tel: +233 244 56 57 02
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 06, 2014; Accepted February 06, 2014; Published February 13, 2014
Citation: Owusu IK, Boakye YA, Appiah LT (2014) Electrocardiographic Abnormalities in Heart Failure Patients at a Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana. J Cardiovasc Dis Diagn 2:142. doi: 10.4172/2329-9517.1000142
Copyright: © 2014 Owusu IK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

The resting 12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) is very useful in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of heart failure. There are limited data on the prevalence of ECG abnormalities in heart failure in Ghana. This retrospective study was therefore designed to determine the prevalence of ECG abnormalities among heart failure patients attending a cardiac clinic at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi, Ghana. Medical records of 398 patients diagnosed with heart failure were selected from the cardiac clinic, using simple random sampling. The demographic, clinical and chest X-ray characteristics of the patients were examined. The 12-lead resting ECGs were obtained from 394 of the patients. The ECGs were abnormal in 93% (n=367) of the patients. The main ECG abnormalities included: left ventricular hypertrophy (43.7%), left axis deviation (39.6%), left bundle branch block (19.2%), and left atrial enlargement (25.6%). Arrhythmias seen included: ventricular extrasystoles (11.2%), atrial fibrillation (8.9%), complete heart block (5.3%), and ventricular tachycardia (3.6%).

In conclusion, our study has shown that ECG abnormalities are very common among heart failure patients attending cardiac clinic in Kumasi, Ghana

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