alexa Eliminating Muda (Waste) in Lean Management by Working Time Standardization
E-ISSN: 2223-5833

Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review
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Research Article

Eliminating Muda (Waste) in Lean Management by Working Time Standardization

Agnieszka Grzelczak and Karolina Werner-Lewandowska*

Faculty of Engineering Management, Poznna University of Technology, Poland

*Corresponding Author:
Karolina Werner-Lewandowska
Faculty of Engeenirring Management
Poznna University of Technology, 11 Strzelecka Street
60965 Poznan, Poland
Tel: +48 61 665 34 14
Fax: +48 61 665 34 14
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 07, 2016; Accepted date: March 17, 2016; Published date: March 24, 2016

Citation:Grzelczak A, Lewandowska KW (2016) Eliminating Muda (Waste) in Lean Management by Working Time Standardization. Arabian J Bus Manag Review 6:216. 

Copyright: © 2016 Grzelczak A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Process improvement is a constant search for opportunities to improve the processes in the daily operations of the company, and to enhance the relationships between processes. One of the concepts of continuous improvement is the Lean Management approach. Lean management is the way to achieve the perfect level of the organization through the gradual and ongoing, which is characteristic for continuous improvement approach, elimination of waste (“muda” in Japanese) and losses in all the aspects of business, and the integration of activities connected with the stream creating customer value. The approach to classification of wastes dominating in the literature comprises seven groups. The authors focused on just the last type of waste that is on the under-utilization of the potential of employees. However, according to the author’s interpretation, thinking of “muda” is not using the available working time of employees. In the opinion of the authors, this loss is due to a lack of standardization of working time of employees In order to eliminate wasted time at the workplace, the authors suggest using the techniques of work analysis and standardization. The purpose of this article is to present the methods mentioned and focus on the possibility of their inclusion in the concept of Lean Management, in the context of elimination of waste in the form of under-utilized potential of employees. The above approach combines the Japanese approach in terms of improvement of processes and European approach in the context of research on work.


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