alexa Emerging Roles for Human MMS21, NSMCE2, in Development and Disease
ISSN: 2472-1115

Journal of Down Syndrome & Chromosome Abnormalities
Open Access

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Review Article

Emerging Roles for Human MMS21, NSMCE2, in Development and Disease

Shikha Laloraya*

Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, C. V. Raman Ave., Bangalore, India

*Corresponding Author:
Shikha Laloraya
Department of Biochemistry
FE13-New Biological Sciences Building
Indian Institute of Science, C. V. Raman Avenue
Bangalore, India 560012
Tel: +91-80-23608122
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: February 03, 2017; Accepted date: February 05, 2017; Published date: February 11, 2017

Citation: Laloraya S (2017) Emerging Roles for Human MMS21, NSMCE2, in Development and Disease. J Down Syndr Chr Abnorm 3:116. doi:10.4172/2472-1115.1000116

Copyright: © 2017 Laloraya S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The maintenance of chromosome stability during cell division is crucial for inheritance of complete genetic information by progeny cells. Errors in mechanisms safeguarding genomic stability during cell division can result in chromosome aberrations during gametogenesis and development that may manifest as disease phenotypes. Structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) protein complexes play important roles in chromosome organization and function and impact a wide variety of chromosomal transactions. The conserved Smc5/6 complex is essential for viability, repair of DNA double strand breaks and recovery of collapsed replication forks and is crucial for chromosome stability. This mini review is focussed on hMMS21/NSMCE2, the human homolog of MMS21/NSE2 that is a non-smc subunit of the Smc5/6 complex having SUMO E3 ligase activity, and aims to provide insights into the role of hMMS21/NSMCE2 in human development and disease associated with deficiency of NSMCE2.

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