Employment may protect fathers in the setting of maternal teenage pregnancy from anxiety and depression: findings from the Australian Father's Study
- *Corresponding Author:
- Quinlivan JA
Institute for Health Research
University of Notre Dame Australia
Fremantle, WA, Australia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 1, 2016 Accepted date: February 5, 2016 Published date: February 12, 2016
Citation: Atkinson AG, Petersen RW, Quinlivan JA (2016) Employment may Protect Fathers in the Setting of Maternal Teenage Pregnancy from Anxiety and Depression: Findings from the Australian Father’s Study. Reprod Syst Sex Disord 5:161. doi:10.4172/2161-038X.1000161
Copyright: © 2016 Atkinson AG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: There is limited research on fathers in the setting of maternal teenage pregnancy. Most studies report data from regions of social disadvantage and low education. We report on the levels of anxiety, depression and quality of life of fathers in the setting of maternal teenage pregnancy in an area where the unemployment rate is low.
Methods: Observational study of 50 fathers in the setting of maternal teenage pregnancy and 100 fathers whose partners were not teenagers (control), living within the same metropolitan healthcare region with high employment rates. Fathers were enrolled within the larger Australian Father’s Study and were recruited from antenatal clinics and community settings. Researchers administered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale and demographic questionnaires.
Results: Fathers in the setting of maternal teenage pregnancy were significantly younger than control fathers (p<0.05). After adjusting for demographic variables, fathers in the setting of maternal teenage pregnancy did not have levels of anxiety, depression or quality of life that were significantly different to control fathers.
Conclusion: Fathers in the setting of maternal teenage pregnancy, when engaged in further education or employment have levels of anxiety, depression and quality of life comparable to control fathers.