Special Issue Article
Energy Efficient E-BMA Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
Recent advancement in wireless communication has enabled the development of low-cost sensor networks. The sensor networks can be used for various application areas (such as health, military, home and etc.,). In earlier research, an energy-efficient cluster-based adaptive time-division multiple access (TDMA) medium-access-control (MAC) protocol, named EA-TDMA, has been developed. In this work, a new protocol, named E-BMA, which achieves even better energy efficiency for low and medium traffic by minimizing the idle time during the contention period, has been proposed. Simulation results for the energy consumption of TDMA, EA-TDMA, BMA, and E-BMA have been presented to demonstrate the superiority of the E-BMA protocols.