alexa Enhanced Biodegradation of Mobil Oil Hydrocarbons by Biosurfactant Producing Bacterial Consortium in Wheat and Mustard Rhizosphere
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
Open Access

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Research Article

Enhanced Biodegradation of Mobil Oil Hydrocarbons by Biosurfactant Producing Bacterial Consortium in Wheat and Mustard Rhizosphere

Rajesh Kumar1*, Ram Naresh Bharagava1, Manish Kumar1, Sanjeev K Singh2 and Govind K3
1Department of Environmental Microbiology, School for Environmental Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Vidya Vihar, Rae Bareli Road, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Division of Eco-Restoration, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nehru Marg, Nagpur, India
3Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Science and Humanities, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India
Corresponding Author : Rajesh Kumar
Department of Environmental Microbiology
School for Environmental Sciences
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Vidya Vihar
Rae Bareli Road, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 23, 2013; Accepted October 21, 2013; Published October 28, 2013
Citation: Kumar R, Bharagava RN, Kumar M, Singh SK, Govind K (2013) Enhanced Biodegradation of Mobil Oil Hydrocarbons by Biosurfactant Producing Bacterial Consortium in Wheat and Mustard Rhizosphere. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 4:158. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000158
Copyright: © 2013 Kumar R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Hydrocarbon fuels are one of the most common global environmental pollutants which cannot be easily degraded owing to their hydrophobic nature. The present study involves the degradation of hydrocarbons by biosurfactant producing bacterial consortia. In this study, results showed 73.66% and 75.80% degradation of 2% mobil oil hydrocarbons in contaminated soil by biosurfactant producing bacterial consortium with wheat (Triticum aestivum) and mustard (Brassica juncea) crops, respectively. Therefore, it indicates that the developed bacterial consortium are capable for the effective degradation of mobil oil hydrocarbons in wheat and mustard rhizosphere and hence can be employed effectively for the degradation of mobil oil hydrocarbons in oil contaminated soils. Phthalate esters formed during the degradation can be used for industrial applications like PVC softening.

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