Environmental Impact Assessment of A Proposed 2640 MW Thermal Power Plant at Sompeta Using RIAM
- Corresponding Author:
- Seshagiri Rao Boddu
Department of Civil Engineering
Dadi Institute of Engineering and
Technology, Anakapalle, India
Tel: 089242 21122
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 30, 2016; Accepted date: April 29, 2016; Published date: April 30, 2016
Citation: Boddu SR, Prasanth SN, Prasad SB (2016) Environmental Impact Assessment of A Proposed 2640 MW Thermal Power Plant at Sompeta Using RIAM. J Civil Environ Eng 6:229. doi:10.4172/2165- 784X.1000229
Copyright: © 2016 Boddu SR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Coal is the only natural resource and fossil fuel available in abundance in India. Consequently, it is used widely as a thermal energy source and also as fuel for thermal power plants producing electricity. India has about 90,000 MW installed capacity for electricity generation, of which more than 70% is produced by coal-based thermal power plants. Hydro-electricity contributes about 25%, and the remaining is mostly from nuclear power plants (NPPs). The problems associated with the use of coal are low calorific value and very high ash content. The ash content is as high as 55– 60%, with an average value of about 35–40%. Further, most of the coal is located in the eastern parts of the country and requires transportation over long distances, mostly by trains, which run on diesel. About 70% oil is imported and is a big drain on India’s hard currency. This paper evaluates an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) using the Rapid Impact Assessment Matrix (RIAM). It considers all 4 components: physical / chemical, biological / ecological, social / cultural, economic / operational. These are then evaluated using universal criteria common to all impact consideration. Figures and tables made comparisons much easier. This Matrix was applied to the EIA of the future Coal based thermal power plant at Sompeta village in Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh.