Enzymatic Electrosynthesis: An Overview on the Progress in Enzyme- Electrodes for the Production of Electricity, Fuels and Chemicals*Corresponding Author(s): Xochitl Dominguez-Benetton, Research Scientist of the Electrochemistry Team at VITO, Separation and Conversion Technology, VITOFlemish Institute for Technological Research, Boeretang 200, Mol 2400, Belgium, Tel: +32 14 33 6926, Fax: +32-14-326586, Email: [email protected] Deepak Pant, Research Scientist, Separation and Conversion Technology, VITO-Flemish Institute for Technological Research, Boeretang 200, Mol 2400, Belgium, Tel: +32 14 33 6969, Fax: +32-14-326586, Email: [email protected], [email protected]
Received Date: Aug 27, 2013 / Accepted Date: Oct 08, 2013 / Published Date: Oct 14, 2013
Citation: Dominguez-Benetton X, Srikanth S, Satyawali Y, Vanbroekhoven K, Pant D (2013) Enzymatic Electrosynthesis: An Overview on the Progress in Enzyme-Electrodes for the Production of Electricity, Fuels and Chemicals. J Microb Biochem Technol S6:007.DOI: 10.4172/1948-5948.S6-007
Copyright: © 2013 . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Recent interest in the field of biocommodities production through bioelectrochemical systems has generated interest in the enzyme catalyzed redox reactions. Enzyme catalyzed electrodes are well established as sensors and power generators. However, a paradigm shift in recent science towards the production of useful chemicals has changed the face of biofuel cells, keeping the fuels or chemicals production in the upfront. This review article comprehensively presents the progress in the field of enzyme-electrodes for the production of electricity, fuels and chemicals with an aim to represent a practical outline for understanding the use of single or multiple redox enzymes as electrocatalysts for their electron transfer onto electrodes. It also provides the state-of-the-art information regarding the different existing processes to fabricate enzyme electrodes. Successfully-achieved electroenzymatic anodic and cathodic reactions are further discussed, together with their potential applications. Particular focus was made on the novel single/multiple enzyme systems towards product synthesis and other applications. Finally, techno-economic and environmental elements for industrial processing with enzyme catalyzed bioelectrochemical system (e-BES) are anticipated, in order to provide useful strategies for further development of this technology.