Epidemiological and Bacteriological Studies on Dead-in-Shell Embryos
Department of Nursing, Bardarash Technical Institution, Duhok Polytechnic University, Iraq
- *Corresponding Author:
- Babaca Z AL
Department of Nursing
Bardarash Technical Institution
Duhok Polytechnic University, Iraq
Tel: 00964 770 169 2062, 00964 750 412 8389
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 03, 2014; Accepted date: May 06, 2014; Published date: May 08, 2014
Citation: Babaca ZAL (2014) Epidemiological and Bacteriological Studies on Dead-in-Shell Embryos. J Veterinar Sci Technol 5:170. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000170
Copyright: © 2014 Babaca ZAL. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The deployment of dead-in-shell embryos, the bacterial etiology of the condition, and the epidemiology of the dead embryos in three local hatcheries in Erbil province were investigated using standard bacteriologic techniques. Deployment of the condition in the three hatcheries was found to be 37%, 21.6% and 40.5% respectively. Bacteria that were isolated arranged in order of decreasing frequency, included Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus spp, Streptococcus spp, Pseudomonas spp.
The number of dead-in-shell embryos in association with the various bacteria isolated from the three hatcheries were 18 (Escherichia. coli), 8 ( Staphylococcus spp), 2 (Streptococcus spp), 9 (Pseudomonas spp). Epidemiologically from this study, it was concluded that dead-in-shell embryos are quite common in hatcheries in Erbil Province and that bacterial contamination in the hatcheries constitute an important threat to the poultry industry in the area.