Epidemiological Aspects of Chagas Disease - a ReviewShyamapada Mandal*
Department of Zoology, Gour Banga University, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Shyamapada Mandal
Department of Zoology
Laboratory of Microbiology and Experimental Medicine
Gour Banga University, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 03, 2014; Accepted date: September 22, 2014; Published date: September 24, 2014
Citation: Mandal S (2014) Epidemiological Aspects of Chagas Disease - a Review. J Anc Dis Prev Rem 2:117. doi: 10.4172/2329-8731.1000117
Copyright: © 2014 Mandal S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Chagas disease (ChD), also known as American trypanosomiasis, is caused by the trypanosomatid protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) that in its natural life-cycle is transmitted through triatomine vectors. Parasitological studies are useful to confirm acute cases, while the diagnosis of chronic T. cruzi infection relies on serological methods. There is no vaccine to prevent the infection, and the treatment is restricted to nifurtimox and benznidazole; and hence, new effective drugs with lower side-effects are urgently needed. The current review updates the facts and phenomena related to ChD, which is becoming an emerging health problem in non-endemic areas too, making the disease a grave global concern.