Epidemiological, Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects of Orbital Diseases in Ophthalmologic Hospital of Saint André de Tinré (OHSAT), in Benin RepublicAssavedo CRA1*, Amadou AB1, Monteiro S1, Kinkpe E1, Sounouvou I2, Tchabi Hounnou S2 and Doutetien Gbaguidi C2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Assavedo Codjo Rodrigue Abel
Unité d’Enseignement et de Recherche en Ophtalmologie
Faculté de Médecine Université de Parakou 02 BP 798 Parakou, Bénin
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 15, 2016; Accepted date: August 09, 2016; Published date: August 16, 2016
Citation: Assavedo CRA, Amadou AB, Monteiro S, Kinkpe E, Sounouvou I, et al. (2016) Epidemiological, Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects of Orbital Diseases in Ophthalmologic Hospital of Saint André de Tinré (OHSAT), in Benin Republic. J Med Surg Pathol 1:134.doi: 10.4172/jmsp.1000134
Copyright: © 2016 Assavedo CRA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Orbital diseases are becoming world widely big concern and particularly in Benin. Their management is not usually available.
Objective: To study the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic characteristics of orbital pathologies in HOSAT.
Patients and methods: This was a retrospective study over a period of 03 years from July 2012 to July 2015 which was conducted in OHSAT. In 03 years. One hundred and forty three (143) patients with orbital diseases were examined.
Results: The frequency of orbital affections had represented 0.3% of all eye diseases. Male patients were the majority with 60.8%. The most represented age group was children under 15 years old (40.6%). The main symptoms were represented by orbital pain (35.7%), inflammatory signs (35.2%), exophthalmia (30.1%), ptosis (12.8%), leucocoria (6.1%) and diplopia (4.6%). Tumors represented 43.6% of the cases, 30.8% of injuries, inflammatory diseases and dysthyroid orbitopathies 21.7% of the cases, 01 case of vascular disease suspicion (0.7%), and 01 case of congenital orbital malformations (0.7%).
Conclusion: Orbital diseases although infrequent represent problems for their diagnosis and the efficient and effective support at OHSAT due to several problems related to insufficient adequate technical facilities.