Epidemiological Profile of Snake Bite at Tertiary Care Hospital, North India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Arshad Anjum
Department of Forensic Medicine
JN Medical College
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh, UP-202002, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 15, 2012; Accepted date: March 01, 2012; Published date: March 03, 2012
Citation: Anjum A, Husain M, Hanif SA, Ali SM, Beg M, et al. (2012) Epidemiological Profile of Snake Bite at Tertiary Care Hospital, North India. J Forensic Res 3:146. doi:10.4172/2157-7145.1000146
Copyright: © 2012 Anjum A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This hospital based prospective study was conducted from September 2009 to September 2011.All the patients irrespective of age and sex, who reported with history of snake bite were included in the study. A total 169 snake bite patients, consisting of 116 (68.7%) male and 53 (31.3%) female [mean (SD) age 32±12 years] were admitted to the hospital during the study period, the ratio being 2.2:1. The majority of victims belonged to rural areas (67.5%) and most vulnerable occupation group was the people involved in agricultural activities (48.5%). The study population was predominately bitten outdoors (62.7%). Most of the time people could not identify the snake (52.1%) and among identified poisonous snakes Elapidae and Viperidae type were 15.4% and 13.0% respectively. The maximum cases of snakebite were recorded in the 3rd quarter of the year (67.4%) and peak incidence of snake bite was recorded in the time between 6:00 PM to 12:00 midnight (30.2%). In 69.2% of cases, the site of snake bite was lower limbs. The commonest manifestation was fright (85.2%) followed by pain at local site (57.9%). Majority of the victims were treated with ASV (81.1%) and most of them survived (92%).