Epidemiological Studies on Cysticercus bovis at Gondar ELFORA Abattoir, North West of EthiopiaEzeddin Adem1, and Tewodros Alemneh E2*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Tewodros Alemneh Engdaw
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Gondar, PO Box: 196
E-mail: [email protected] (or) [email protected]
Received date: July 04, 2016; Accepted date: July 21, 2016; Published date: July 25, 2016
Citation: Adem E, Tewodros Alemneh E (2016) Epidemiological Studies on Cysticercus bovis at Gondar Elfora Abattoir, North West of Ethiopia. J Vet Sci Technol 7:364. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000364
Copyright: © 2016 Adem E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A cross-sectional survey was undertaken in the abattoir to study the prevalence of Cysticercus bovis in cattle originated from different localities and to determine the cyst prevalence as well as distribution in different organs within infected animals in Gondar ELFORA abattoir from October, 2009 to March, 2010. Out of the total 450 cattle slaughtered and examined at Gondar ELFORA abattoir, 9 animals (2.0%) were identified positive for Cysticercus bovis infection. Predilection sites for Cysticercus bovis were observed and their relative infestation rates were recorded. As a result of this study, predominantly cysts were found on shoulder muscle (55.56%) followed by masseter muscle (33.33%) and tongue (11.11%). The prevalence and occurrence of Cysticercus bovis was also studied based on the geographical locations of slaughtered cattle. Accordingly, cattle from low lands and high lands had showed a prevalence of 6.45% and 0.307%, respectively. In conclusion, C. bovis is prevalent and is one of the major parasitic diseases that causes huge carcass condemnation of slaughtered animals and poses serious financial lose in the socio-economy of the study area. Therefore, public health awareness should be created on improving personal and environmental hygiene for breaking the life cycle of the disease.