alexa Epidemiology and Economic Importance of Hydatidosis in Domestic Animal and Human in Ethiopia- A Review | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
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  • Research Article   
  • J Vet Sci Technol 2018, Vol 9(6): 563
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7579.1000563

Epidemiology and Economic Importance of Hydatidosis in Domestic Animal and Human in Ethiopia- A Review

Fana Shiferaw1, Wondimagegne Bekele1*, Bulto Giro2 and Yihienew Mequanint3
1Department of Animal Science, Debre Berhan University, P.O. Box 445, Ethiopia
2Department of Pathology and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 34, Ethiopia
3Department of Internal Medicine, Arsi University College of Health Sciences, P.O. Box 396, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author : Wondimagegne Bekele, Department of Animal Science, Debre Berhan University, P.O. Box 445, Ethiopia, Tel: +251911763669, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Sep 12, 2018 / Accepted Date: Sep 22, 2018 / Published Date: Sep 28, 2018

Abstract

Echinococcosis/hydatid disease is one of the most important of the helminth zoonoses and remains a significantproblem worldwide. Based on recent report; five species of the genus Echinococcus are regarded as taxonomically valid. These are Echinococcosis granulosus, Echinococcosis multilocularis, Echinococcosis oligarthrus, Echinococcosis vogeliand Echinococcosis shiquicus . Among this the most widespread is Echinococcosis granulosus and Echinococcosis multilocularis. Echinococcosis granulosus is zoonotic parasite which occurs in Ethiopia and throughout the world. Hydatidosis prevail in all age group, there are no age and sex discrimination. Hydatidosis causes considerable economic loss due to condemnation of edible organs, decreased meat and milk Productions, reduced hide and fleece value and decrease in fecundity. The definitive host of the parasite, Echinococcosis granulosus is dogs which harbor the adult parasite and excrete the parasite eggs along with their feces, whilelivestock and human are the intermediate hosts. Humans can accidentally become intermediate hosts by ingesting the eggs of the tapeworm. While most cysts develop in the liver and lungs, other organs or tissues may become affected. The diagnosis in human conducted with X-rays or ultrasound machine. Whereas, in the other intermediate animal diagnosis of cyst will be conducted only during meat inspection in the abattoir and postmortem examination. In conclusion, basic hygiene such as washing hands with soap after gardening or touching the dog and washing vegetables that may have been contaminated by dog faeces, deworming of dogs with antihelmentic in every six months are important in prevention of this disease.

Keywords: Economic importance; Epidemiology; Hydatidosis; Zoonosis

Citation: Shiferaw F, Bekele W, Giro B, Mequanint Y (2018) Epidemiology and Economic Importance of Hydatidosis in Domestic Animal and Human in Ethiopia- A Review. J Vet Sci Technol 9:563. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7579.1000563

Copyright: © 2018 Shiferaw F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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