Epidemiology and Management of Gynecological and Breast Cancers in the Two Reference Hospitals of Parakou, in North Benin
- *Corresponding Author:
- Obossou Awadé Afoukou Achille
University-affiliated Hospital of the Department
of Borgou/Alibori (CHUD–B/A) in Parakou, Bénin
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 22, 2017 Accepted Date: August 26, 2017 Published Date:August 29, 2017
Citation: Obossou AAA, Tognifode MV, Brun L, Balle MC, Denakpo JL, et al. (2017) Epidemiology and Management of Gynecological and Breast Cancers in the Two Reference Hospitals of Parakou, in North Benin. Oncol Cancer Case Rep 3: 133. doi: 10.4172/2471-8556.1000133
Copyright: © 2017 Obossou AAA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: It’s aim at describing the epidemiological features and management modalities of gynecological and breast cancers in Parakou in 2016.
Framework and study method: It was a retrospective descriptive and analytical study covering a six-year period running from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015. It took place in Parakou at the University-affiliated Hospital of Borgou Department and at Boko Zone Hospital.
Results: Of the 90 cases of gynecological and breast cancers recorded during this period, cervical cancer was the leading one with 54.44%. Breast cancer accounted for 34.44%, followed by ovarian cancer (5.57%). The median time from the onset of first symptoms to first consultation was 92 ± 71 days. The mean age of patients was 45 ± 15.9 years. Most cancers were diagnosed at an advanced stage (stage II, III or IV) that’s 60.43%. The most common anatomopathological types were: invasive ductal carcinomas (67.74%) for the breast andinvasive squamous cell carcinomas for the cervix (66%). Surgical treatment is always the only therapeutic mean available.
Conclusion: Gynecological and breast cancers are common in northern Benin. The treatment remains essentially surgical. It’s necessary to promote the early detection of these pathologies.