alexa Epidemiology of Fungal Keratitis in North Vietnam | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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Research Article

Epidemiology of Fungal Keratitis in North Vietnam

Pham Hong Nhung1,2*, Tran Anh Thu3, Le Hong Ngoc1, Kiyofumi Ohkusu4 and Takayuki Ezaki4
1Department of Microbiology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam
2Department of Microbiology, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam
3Department of Microbiology, National Ophthalmology Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam
4Department of Microbiology, Regeneration and Advanced Medical Science, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
Corresponding Author : Pham Hong Nhung
Department of Microbiology
Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam
Tel: +81-04-38523798
Fax: 84-4-3852511525115;
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 04, 2012; Accepted August 03, 2012; Published August 06, 2012
Citation: Nhung PH, Thu TA, Ngoc LH, Ohkusu K, Ezaki T (2012) Epidemiology of Fungal Keratitis in North Vietnam. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 3:238. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000238
Copyright: © 2012 Nhung PH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

The epidemiological characteristics and the causative agents of fungal keratitis at the National Ophthalmology hospital, the biggest eye care hospital in North Vietnam were described by using questionnaire and analyzing of ITS region sequences. In 2008, 687 fungal keratitis patients were diagnosed and 363 fungal strains were isolated from these patients. The predominant fungal species isolated was Fusarium spp. (39.6%), followed by Aspergillus spp. (25.9%). No yeast species was isolated. A large proportion of the patients was in the middle decades of life (41-60 years; 51.8%) and worked as farmers in rice fields. Corneal ulceration most often occurred after a superficial corneal injury with organic materials. Medical treatment, especially antibiotic use, were started on 551 (80.1%) of the 687 patients. The study findings have important public health implications for treatment and prevention of fungal keratitis in Vietnam.

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