Eradication of Infectious Diseases
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Italy
- *Corresponding Author:
- Giangaspero M
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Teramo
Piazza Aldo Moro 45, 64100 Teramo, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: September 22, 2013; Accepted Date: September 24, 2013; Published Date: September 27, 2013
Citation: Giangaspero M (2013) Eradication of Infectious Diseases. Trop Med Surg 1:e107. doi: 10.4172/2329-9088.1000e107
Copyright: © 2013 Giangaspero M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Rinderpest, important disease affecting zootechnics, especially in Africa, was officially declared worldwide eradicated in 2011 by the World Organization for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE). This is the first disease of veterinary medicine interest that has been eradicated. To date, smallpox is the only one eradicated infectious disease that affects humans. Measles, genetically related to rinderpest, shows epidemiological characteristics such as no asymptomatic carrier state, no arthropod vector, no known reservoirs outside of humans and availability of vaccines, thus supporting the potential for successful eradication strategies.