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Etiology of Preterm Birth in Relizane Region (West of Algeria) | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
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Research Article

Etiology of Preterm Birth in Relizane Region (West of Algeria)

Demmouche A1*, Mai AH1, Kaddouri MS1, Ghani A1, Rahmani S1, Beddek F2 and Benali AI1

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and life, Djillali University, Sidi Bel Abbes, Liabes, Algeria

2Central Laboratory of Biology, Hospital Establishment specializing in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria

*Corresponding Author:
Dr Demmouche Abbassia
PhD in Biology at the University Djillali Liabes, Algeria
Tel: (213) 7 73 62 06 37
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 27, 2014; Accepted date: July 22, 2014; Published date: July 24, 2014

Citation: Demmouche A, Mai AH, Kaddouri MS, Ghani A, Rahmani S, et al. (2014) Etiology of Preterm Birth in Relizane Region (West of Algeria). J Nutr Food Sci 4:292. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000292

Copyright: © 2014 Demmouche A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Introduction: Preterm deliveries are those that occur at less than 37 weeks gestational age. Preterm birth is a major determinant of neonatal mortality and morbidity and has long-term adverse consequences for health. This study was done to estimate the incidence of preterm labor and to investigate it causes in a university hospital center of Relizane (west ALGERIA). Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in rural area Oued rhioue (Relizane, west Algeria) among all patients who delivered during study period. Data was collected by interview technique and analyzed by appropriate statistical methods. Results: A total of 3000 deliveries occurred during study period from which 278 were premature birth; the incidence of preterm delivery in the study was (9.26%). Considering the total series, the risk of preterm birth was above unity in hypertensive women (33%), (44%) women had preterm premature rupture of the fetal membranes. Parity, gestity and gestational age were associated with preterm delivery. The relationship was statistically significant (P<0.005). However maternal age and pregnancy interval were not associated with preterm delivery. Conclusion: In our study we found that 9.26% of births were preterm. This number is higher compare to developed countries, especially in Algeria; incur the highest burden in terms of absolute numbers. This is why we need a better understanding of the different causes of preterm birth, and better evaluation of it incidence to be able to improve the obstetric and neonatal care and thus reduce the percentage of preterm birth

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