alexa Etiopathogenesis of Alopecia Areata
ISSN: 2167-0951

Hair Therapy & Transplantation
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Review Article

Etiopathogenesis of Alopecia Areata

Yasmeen J Bhat*, Peerzada Sajad and Iffat Hassan

Department of Dermatology, STD & Leprosy, Government Medical College, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K- India

*Corresponding Author:
Yasmeen J Bhat
Department of Dermatology, STD & Leprosy
Government Medical College, Srinagar (J&K), India
Tel: 019-42453114
Email: [email protected]

Received date: March 22, 2014; Accepted date: April 22, 2014; Published date: April 28, 2014

Citation: Bhat YJ, Sajad P, Hassan I (2014) Etiopathogenesis of Alopecia Areata. Hair Ther Transplant 4:123. doi: 10.4172/2167-0951.1000123

Copyright: © 2014 Bhat YJ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Alopecia areata (AA) is a recurrent, non-scarring type of hair loss affecting the hair follicles and sometimes the nails. Current evidence indicates that hair follicle inflammation in alopecia areata is caused by a T-cell mediated autoimmune mechanism occurring in genetically predisposed individuals. Environmental factors like infections, diet, vaccination and stress may be responsible for triggering the disease. The association between alopecia areata and other autoimmune diseases suggests that alopecia areata is itself an autoimmune disease. Recently many cytokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of AA and these are focused upon in this article.

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