alexa Evaluating Educational Intervention to Improve Drug Adm
ISSN: 2167-1052

Advances in Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
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Research Article

Evaluating Educational Intervention to Improve Drug Administration Practice in Out-Patient Children in Northwestern Nigeria

Chedi BAZ1*, Abdu-Aguye I2 and Kwanashie HO2
1Department of Pharmacology, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
2Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author : Chedi BAZ
Department of Pharmacology
Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
Tel: +234 8035970540
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 04, 2014; Accepted October 06, 2014; Published October 08, 2014
Citation: Chedi BAZ, Abdu-Aguye I, Kwanashie HO (2014) Evaluating Educational Intervention to Improve Drug Administration Practice in Out-Patient Children in Northwestern Nigeria. Adv Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 3:162. doi:10.4172/2167-1052.1000162
Copyright: © 2014 Chedi BAZ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
 

Abstract

Drug administration practice of mothers from 20 facilities (12 primary and 8 secondary) in northwestern Nigeria were assessed prospectively with the aim of identifying the type, frequency and potential clinical significance of drug administration errors in paediatric outpatients. The data was analyzed and errors classified according to National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention taxonomy. Educational interventions were designed and administered to mothers of 10 (6 primary and 4 secondary) least performing facilities, while the remaining 10 facilities acted as control. The percentage of the parents that claimed to knew the correct dosage were relatively high (78% to 93%) and differ significantly between the secondary and primary facilities. Further assessment shows that the dose of the drugs dispensed, the time/frequency of administration, and the duration of use were not known by 68.2% (330/484), 63.0% (305/484), and 12.0% (58/484) of the mothers respectively. The overall total possibility of the drug administration errors significantly reduced in the right direction (p<0.0005; d=4.27)
after the intervention.

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