Evaluation of Early Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer Patients by 18F-FDG and 99mTc-HL91 ImagingZhan Song1, Zhe Wang1, Li-Wen Li1,2, Jiang-Hao Chen3, Jing Wang1*
- Corresponding Author:
- Jing Wang
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Xijing Hospital
Fourth Military Medical University, China
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Received Date: October 01, 2010; Accepted Date: December 26, 2010; Published Date: December 28, 2010
Citation: Song WZ, Wang Z, Li LW, Chen JH, Wang J (2010) Evaluation of Early Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer Patients by 18F-FDG and 99mTc-HL91 Imaging. J Nucl Med Radiat Ther 1:102. doi:10.4172/2155-9619.1000102
Copyright: © 2010 Song WZ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
By monitor breast cancer mass with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and 99mTc-HL91 positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, this study compares the efficacy of the two imaging methods in evaluation of the early response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in stage II and III breast cancer patients. Images of region of interest were acquired with a hybrid PET/computed tomography scanner in forty patients after administration of 18F-FDG (4.44 MBq/kg) or 99mTc-HL91 (12.3 MBq/kg) at baseline and after the third course of chemotherapy. And the values of tumor to non-tumor activity ratio (T/N) were compared between the two imaging methods and with the pathologic response. Surgery was performed after three courses of chemotherapy and pathological analysis revealed gross residual disease in 11 patients and minimal residual disease in 29 patients. When 20% reduction in T/N was set as the threshold for differentiation between responders and nonresponders by 18F-FDG imaging, 27 of 29 responders and 10 of 11 nonresponders were identified after three courses of chemotherapy. A linear correlation was observed between the T/N of 99mTc-HL91 and the T/N of 18F-FDG (rs = 0.778, p<0.001), but almost lost after chemotherapy (rs = 0.518, p<0.001). In conclusion, we suggest that 18F-FDG imaging, but not 99mTc–HL91 imaging with hybrid PET/CT provides a costeffective method, which could be well accepted for the low-income population in developing countries, to monitor early tumor response after three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in stage II and III breast cancer by using the reduction of N/T ratio as predictor.